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Azerbaijan

Capital (and largest city) Baku
Official languages Azerbaijani
Government Presidential republic
- President Ilham Aliyev
- Prime Minister Artur Rasizade
Independence from the Soviet Union
- Declared 30 August 1991
- Completed 18 October 1991
Area
- Total 86,600 km2 (113th) 33,436 sq mi
- Water (%) 1.6%
Population
- July 2008 estimate 8,238,672 (92nd)
- 1999 census 7,953,438
- Density 97/km2 (100th) 251/sq mi

Azerbaijan, formally the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhichevan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short borderline with Turkey to the northwest. The Nagorno-Karabakh region in the southwest of Azerbaijan proper declared itself independent from Azerbaijan in 1991, but it is not recognized by any nation and considered a legal part of Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan, a nation with a majority Turkic and Shi‘ite Muslim population, is a secular and unitary republic. The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was the first successful attempt to establish a democratic and secular republic in the Muslim world. Azerbaijan is one of the founder members of GUAM and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, and joined the Commonwealth of Independent States in September 1993. A Special Envoy of the European Commission is present in the country, which is also a member of the United Nations, the OSCE, the Council of Europe, and the NATO Partnership for Peace (PfP) program.

Where in the world is Azerbaijan? See the map.

Where in the world is Azerbaijan?

Flag of Azerbaijan

Flag of Azerbaijan

 

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