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Greece

Greece

Capital (and largest city) Athens
Official languages Greek
Government Parliamentary republic
- President Karolos Papoulias
- Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis
Modern statehood
- Independence from the Ottoman Empire 25 March 1821
- Recognized 3 February 1830, in the London Protocol
- Kingdom of Greece May 1832, in the Convention of London
- Current constitution 1975, “Third Republic”
Area
- Total 131,990 km2 (96th) 50,944 sq mi
- Water (%) 0.8669
Population
- 2008 estimate 11,216,708[1] (74th)
- 2001 census 10,964,020[2]
- Density 84/km2 (88th) 218/sq mi

Greece  /ɡriːs/ (Greek: Ελλάδα, transliterated: Elláda  [e̞ˈlaða] , historically Ἑλλάς, Hellás, IPA: [e̞ˈlas]), officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία, Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía, [e̞liniˈkʲi ðimo̞kɾaˈtia]), is a country in southeastern Europe, situated on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula. The country has borders with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east and south of mainland Greece, while the Ionian Sea lies to the west. Both parts of the Eastern Mediterranean basin feature a vast number of islands, islets and rock islands.

Modern Greece traces its roots to the civilization of ancient Greece, generally considered to be the cradle of Western civilization. As such, it is the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature and historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, including both tragedy and comedy.

Greece is a developed country, a member of the European Union since 1981, a member of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union since 2001, NATO since 1952, the OECD since 1961, the WEU since 1995, a founding member of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation and a member of ESA since 2005. Athens is the capital; Thessaloniki, Patras, Heraklion, Larissa, Volos, Ioannina, Kavala, Rhodes and Serres are some of the country’s other major cities.

Where in the world is Greece? See the map. Dark green - Greece, light green - EU.

Where in the world is Greece? See the map. Dark green – Greece, light green – EU.

Greece flag

Greece flag

Greece

Greece

Greece

Greece

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