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Capital (and largest city) Bucharest (Bucureşti)
Official languages Romanian
Ethnic groups 89.5% Romanians, 6.6% Hungarians, 2.5% Roma, 1.4% other minority groups
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
- President Traian Băsescu
- Prime Minister Emil Boc
Legislature Parliament
- Upper House Senate
- Lower House Chamber of Deputies
- Transylvania 10th century
- Wallachia 1290
- Moldavia 1346
- First Unification 1599
- Reunification of Wallachia and Moldavia January 24, 1859
- Officially recognised independence July 13, 1878
- Unification with Transylvania December 1, 1918
EU accession January 1, 2007
- Total 238,391 km2 (82nd) 92,043 sq mi
- Water (%) 3
- July 2008 estimate 21,504,442 (52nd)
- 2002 census 21,680,974
- Density 90/km2 (104th) 233/sq mi

Romania  /roʊˈmeɪniə/ (dated: Rumania, Roumania; Romanian: România,  pronounced [romɨˈni.a]) is a country located in Southeastern and Central Europe, North of the Balkan Peninsula, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea[3]. Almost all of the Danube Delta is located within its territory. It shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova to the northeast, and Bulgaria to the south.

The territory’s recorded history includes periods of rule by Dacians, the Roman Empire, the Kingdom of Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. As a nation-state, the country was formed by the merging of Moldavia and Wallachia in 1859 and it gained recognition of its independence in 1878. Later, in 1918, they were joined by Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia. At the end of World War II Romania became a member of the Warsaw Pact. In 1989, Romania started a series of political and economic reforms. After a decade of post-revolution economic problems, Romania made economic reforms such as low flat tax rates in 2005 and joined the European Union in January 1, 2007. While Romania’s income level remains one of the lowest in the European Union, reforms have increased the growth speed. Romania is now an upper-middle income country economy.

Romania has the 9th largest territory and the 7th largest population (with 21.5 million people) among the European Union member states. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest (Romanian: Bucureşti [bukuˈreʃtʲ]  ), the 6th largest city in the EU with 1.9 million people. In 2007, Sibiu, a city in Transylvania, was chosen as a European Capital of Culture. Romania also joined NATO on March 29, 2004, and is also a member of the Latin Union, of the Francophonie of the OSCE and an associate member of the CPLP. Romania is a semi-presidential unitary state.

Where in the world is Romania? See the map. Dark green - Ro

Where in the world is Romania? See the map. Dark green – Romania, light green – EU.

Romania flag

Romania flag


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