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Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan

Capital (and largest city) Tashkent
Official languages Uzbek
Recognised regional languages Karakalpak, Language for inter-ethnic communication Russian
Ethnic groups 80.0% Uzbek, 5.5% Russian, 5.0% Tajik, 3.0% Kazakh, 2.5% Karakalpak, 1.5% Tatar, 2.5% Uyghur
Government Presidential republic
- President Islam Karimov
- Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Independence from the Soviet Union
- Uzbek SSR 27 October 1924
- Declared 1 September 1991
- Recognized 8 December 1991
- Completed 25 December 1991
Area
- Total 447,400 km2 (56th) 172,742 sq mi
- Water (%) 4.9
Population
- 2009 estimate 27,727,435 (45th)
- Density 59/km2 (136th) 153/sq mi

Uzbekistan, officially the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzbek: O‘zbekiston Respublikasi or Ўзбекистон Республикаси), is a doubly landlocked country in Central Asia, formerly part of the Soviet Union. It shares borders with Kazakhstan to the west and to the north, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the east, and Afghanistan and Turkmenistan to the south. Once part of the Persian Samanid and later Timurid empires, the region was conquered in the early 16th century by Uzbek nomads, who spoke an Eastern Turkic language. Most of Uzbekistan’s population today belong to the Uzbek ethnic group and speak the Uzbek language, one of the family of Turkic languages. Uzbekistan was incorporated into the Russian Empire in the 19th century and in 1924 became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, known as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR). It has been an independent republic since December 1991.
Uzbekistan’s economy relies mainly on commodity production, including cotton, gold, uranium, and natural gas.

Where in the world is Uzbekistan? See the map.

Where in the world is Uzbekistan? See the map.

Uzbekistan flag

Uzbekistan flag


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